UK Stock Market

UK stock market exchanges include London Stock Exchange, Plus Markets, Markit BOAT, and Project Turquose.

Of these, the London Stock Exchange (LSE) is the largest stock exchange by far in the United Kingdom, with some 2,749 companies available for trading.

By some measures, the London Exchange is the largest stock trading marketplace in the world, and London the biggest financial center, a title the city took from New York City and New York Stock Exchange.

The origins of the stock exchange go back to 1801, and has expanded from a regional powerhouse to now carrying many overseas listings as well as British companies.

The stock exchange itself is publicly traded, and the biggest owner by far is Borse Dubai, which owns about 28% of the LSE.

The LSE has several structures and layers through which the trading trades place.

The London Stock Exchange has four core areas:

For one, there is the equity markets function. This function enables companies from around the world to raise capital at the LSE and get a listing at one of the four primary marketplaces:

  • Main Market,
  • Alternative Investment Market (AIM),
  • Professional Securities Market (PSM) and
  • Specialist Fund Market (SFM)

The market action takes place through LSE's trading services, where UK and international equities, debt, covered warrants, exchange traded funds (ETFs), Exchange Traded Commodities (ETCs), reits, fixed interest, contracts for difference (CFDs) and depositary receipts exchange ownership.

LSE also provides, as part of its services, market data information. This information includes real-time prices, news and other financial information.

Finally, LSE deals in derivatives. A major part of the derivatives business by LSE is EDX London, which was created back in 2003 to bring the cash equity and derivatives markets closer together.

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